Urine analysis screening
This examination may be performed to check for kidney problems, urinary tract disease, or a metabolic disorder. Urine screening consists of urine status and urine sediment.
A portion of the first morning urine is best used. In doing so, it is best to urinate a little first, stop urinating for a while, and then collect the urine (this is also called mid-stream urine).
With the included vacuum system, you easily suck up the urine and put the tube in the mail.
The urine is tested for the presence of cells, bacteria, protein and glucose, among other things. Many disorders can be detected early by urinalysis, because they betray themselves by substances in the urine that do not belong in it. An abnormal urine analysis usually prompts additional investigations to determine the nature and severity of the underlying disease.
This examination may be performed to investigate symptoms indicative of kidney disease and urinary tract infections. In the examination, the sediment (undissolved elements) in the urine is viewed with the help of a microscope. Normally, urine contains hardly any sediment. In particular, red and/or white blood cells are examined, which can be detected in the urine in cases of inflammation or damage to the kidneys, bladder or ureters.
Salt crystals occur frequently in urine and are usually not a sign of disease but may be due to diet and/or low fluid intake (concentrated urine). Crystallization can also simply be a result of cooling the urine. Some crystals may be a sign of metabolic failure.
Protein in Urine
If protein is found in urine, it is a sign that the kidneys are not (able to) do their job completely well. The cause is usually damage to the filtering system of the kidney(s). Kidneys are the filters of our body. They remove the largest waste products from the blood and only allow smaller waste products and water to pass through. This keeps the body clean and functioning properly.
If kidneys (would) no longer work, health deteriorates. By filtering the blood, urine is produced. The kidneys filter all kinds of waste products from the blood. Necessary proteins are retained. If the kidneys let too much protein through, it indicates that the filtering system is not working quite right. The urine contains a lot of waste products that have been filtered out by the kidneys. If somewhere in that process something does not go quite as it should, proteins are let through the filters of the kidneys.
If the urine is examined (also examined for the presence of protein) then these proteins are found in the urine by the doctor. If there is protein in the urine, this often indicates damage to the kidneys or increased production of protein. This is because properly functioning kidneys do not let proteins pass. In any case, the cause must be found and if possible, treated.
If there is damage to the kidneys this can have several causes, for example:
- kidney diseases
- diseases or situations that place extra strain on the kidneys, such as high blood pressure, arteriosclerosis, diabetes, certain addictions or damage caused by trauma or overdose, etc.
- High or low protein in the urine
When little protein is found in the urine, it is often called a "trace protein". Usually the damage to the kidneys is therefore limited or perhaps only temporary. If a lot of protein is found in the urine, it is not favorable. The prognosis is then less good. The kidneys usually deteriorate further making the situation worse. If you have had protein in your urine and it is high, your doctor will be able to tell you how you are doing in your personal situation. Do not derive an overall picture from this article with information of a general nature. Consult with your doctor and ask questions about your health.
Nephrotic syndrome is the result of protein loss (more than 3 mg protein loss per day). In Nephrotic syndrome, the body tries to make more protein because too much protein is lost through the filtering system of the kidneys. If not enough protein can be made, the protein level in the blood keeps decreasing and the cholesterol level increases. As a result, and edema occurs.
Glucose in the urine
Urination is the simplest way to eliminate excess products from the body. Under normal circumstances, excess sugars or glucose is usually stored as fat and accumulated in the body as a reserve for later.
If we find glucose in the urine, it can only be when there are errors in the system of sugar regulation. Usually only a very low dose or no glucose at all can be found in the urine. The cause can be a kidney infection, a side effect of certain medications or a beginning and diabetes and/or diabetes. Only with diabetes will these glucose levels in the urine be quite high.
If diabetes is the cause of the problem then there may also be symptoms present that indicate this such as: fatigue, an unexplained and weight loss, excessive thirst or hunger, agitation, poor wound healing and frequent urination.