Supplemental Cholesterol Package Fat Profile HDL. LDL, Triglycerides
This test is intended to supplement packages where only total cholesterol is determined.
Cholesterol is formed in the liver. 70-80% of LDL is absorbed in the liver, adrenal glands, and gonads (testes and ovaries). The LDL that remains in the bloodstream is eventually taken up by cells that can cause fatigue of the vessel wall. LDL cholesterol is also called "bad" cholesterol because too much LDL increases the risk of heart attack. In most laboratories, LDL is calculated by Triglycerides and Cholesterol, but in ours, LDL is also measured separately.
In general, one can remember the 3-4-5 rule. The LDL cholesterol lower than 3, the cholesterol ratio lower than 4 ( you divide your result total cholesterol by the result HDL) and total cholesterol lower than 5.
The test measures the amount of triglycerides in blood. Triglycerides form the fat supply in the body and are usually stored in fatty tissue.
Some of the triglycerides circulate in the blood to fuel the muscles. After a meal, blood contains more triglycerides because they are then transported from the intestine (food intake) to the adipose tissue (fat storage). Therefore, the determination of triglycerides should only be performed if a meal has not been consumed shortly before.